Hıstory Of Dıstance Educatıon
Although a definitive starting date cannot be determined, the professional use of distance education practices is encountered in the 19th century.
If we examine them as articled, it is possible to list the historical development of distance education practices as follows;
Correspondence Education1st Generation
Radio and Television broadcasts 2nd Generation
University Extension 3rd Generation
Teleconference 4th Generation
Internet and Web 5th Generation
1728: The first distance education study started with “Steno lessons” in Boston newspaper.
1833: “Composition Courses with Letters” were given to the ladies at the University of Sweden.
1840: Isaac Pitman, a stenographer, began teaching shorthand in letters in Bath, England. Pitman is generally known as the first modern educator.
1892: The First Letters of Education section was opened at the University of Chicago.
1898: Hermands which is one of the leading distance education institutions of the world was established in Sweden.
Languague training was conducted at this institution.
1906: Correspondence-based Primary Education Begins in the United States.
1919: First Educational Radio Station was established in USA.
1920: 176 radio stations were established for educational purposes in the United States.
1923: Letter based High School Education was established in U.S.
1932-1937: Educational television broadcasts began at IOWA University in the United States.
1939: Students were educated by distance education during the war years in France
1960: “British Open University” was opened in United Kingdom.